Deep Brain Stimulation for the Treatment of Non-Alzheimer's Dementia

Description:

 

The current state of the art

The current treatment option for Alzheimer’s disease and aging related dementia are focused on the alleviation of symptoms and managing cognition. Degeneration of cholinergic neurons is one of the mechanisms leading to cognition declination. Therefore, aging and Alzheimer’s dementia is commonly treated with cholinesterase inhibitors such as galantamine, rivastigmine, or donepezil.

 

The problems with the current art

Although the extended time of action of acetylcholine in the central nervous system can improve cognition. systematic cholinesterase inhibitors caused serious sides effects including vomiting, fall, nausea, fainting, sudden movement and even death, because acetylcholine also acts in peripheral nervous system.

 

The advantages of our invention

The scientist at AU developed a system and method to use deep brain stimulation of the nucleus basalis (NB) of Meynert to intermittently stimulate the central nervous system, inducing the production, release and secretion of acetylcholine and improve cognition. In five adult Rhesus monkeys, the intermittent NB stimulation improve working memory. In the months after stimulation began, working memory continued to improve in sessions without stimulation. Therefore, the current technology can be a promising therapy to restore cognitive function in aging and Alzheimer’s dementia.

 

AURI # 2015-011

IP status: US non-provisional patent application 15/361148

Publication: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28823679

 

Patent Information:
Category(s):
Therapeutics
For Information, Contact:
Lei Wan
Technology Transfer Associate
Augusta University
lewan@augusta.edu
Inventors:
Cole Giller
David Blake
David Hess
Alvin Terry, Jr.
John Morgan
Gregory Lee
Jonathan Crawford
Ruifeng Liu
Christos Constantinidis
Keywords:
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